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Florida Keys and Key West Fishing Charters and Guide Service specializing in Tarpon, Permit, Bonefish, Redfish, Snook and Sharks on the Backcountry Flats and Inshore waters of Islamorada and Key West
Palomar Knot
1. Double the line and pass it through the eye of the fly, hook or lure.
2. Make an overhand. 
3. Pass the loop over the fly, lure or hook.
4. Slowly pull the 2 tag ends to begin to seat the knot. 
5. Seat the knot tightly 
6. Trim tag end and go fishing.
Double Figure 8
1. Make a double overhand in the line
2. Pull the double overhand until it forms a figure 8 and pass the tag end through the fly, lure or hook
3. Pass the tag end up through the figure 8 and back down through the other side, following the contour of the figure eight
4. Draw the figure 8 down slowly right to the eye of the hook. 
5. Make 2 circles around the standing line and pass the tag end through the center
6. This will form another identical figure 8 around the standing line ahead of the original
7. Pull the standing line until the 2 figure 8’s jam together forming a loop
8. Trim the tag end and go fishing
Clinch Knot
1. Pass the line through the fly, lure or hook
2. Turn the tag end 7 times around the standing line
3. Pass the tag through the space between the hook and the first twist
4. Pull slowly on the standing line
5. Tighten the knot and seat it tightly
6. Trim tag end and go fishing
Uni Knot
1. Pass the tag end through the lure, fly or hook
2. Make a circle with the tag end
3. Pass the tag end around the standing line 5 times 
4. Pull the tag end slowly and loosely secure the knot 
5. Determine the loop size that you want and then pull the tag end tightly and seat the knot
6. Trim the tag and go fishing
The J Knot
The “J” knot is a great knot for attaching a fluorocarbon leader to braided line.  I feel it is stronger than the double uni knot for this purpose.
1. Tie a Uni Knot around the standing line.  ( see Double Uni Knot description steps 1-5)
2. Make a 7 turn clinch knot around the standing line.  Turn the tag end 7 times around the standing line and pass it through the space between the uni knot and the beginning of the clinch.
3. Pull the standing line of the clinch knot (orange) making sure that the barrels do not jump over one another.
4. Seat the knots together and pull tightly
5. Trim tag ends and go fishing

2 Turn Blood Knot
I like the 2 turn blood knot better than the Slim Beauty and it is possible now because of the evolution of Flourocarbon and the ease of tying. The 2 turn blood knot forms a compact, strong knot that I feel tests higher than the Slim Beauty.
Simply double the class tippet and wrap it 5 times around the butt section.  Turn the butt section ONLY two times around the class and pull tight. 
This is the strongest way to tie this knot.  The two turns allow you to properly pull the knot down and reduce slippage.

The 2 turn is good for attaching different diameter mono.  If the diameters are close, making 5 turns on each side will result in the strongest knot.

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The Slim Beauty
The most popular knot in tarpon fishing due to its ease of tying and strengthThe "Slim Beauty" is a simple but very strong knot that tests out consistently at close to 100%. There are several advantages to this knot. First, it eliminates the need for a Bimini twist in your class tippet reducing the time it takes to tie a leader. Secondly, the knot is compact and straight as an arrow when completed.
1. To tie the "Slim Beauty", start by tying a double overhand in one end of the shock tippet. Draw the double overhand down until it forms a figure 8.
As you look at the figure 8 that you have created you will notice that it has a curve to it. We want the figure 8 to be curved so that the dish shaped curve slopes away from the sky or an easy way to remember might be so that the curve would hold water, like a bowl.
2. Take your class tippet and double about 7 inches of it. Weave the doubled line first up through the figure 8 and then back down through it. Pull about 5 inches through the 8.
3. Draw the figure 8 hand tight only.
4. Similar to a blood knot, pinch the line just behind the figure 8 and wrap the doubled class tippet 5 times around the shock tippet.
5. Like a Bimini Twist, wrap back towards the figure 8 four times. Leave a space between the figure 8 and your first wrap of the doubled class tippet. Pass the doubled line through the space, similar to how a blood knot is finished.
6. With gloves on, grasp the shock tippet in your left hand and the terminal and tag end of the doubled class tippet with your right. Wet the knot with saliva or chap stick. With a firm and steady pull, cinch the knot tight by pulling your hands away from one another. The figure 8 should cinch down at this point and the wraps of class tippet should come together without overlapping and look similar to a blood knot. The knot should be about 1 inch long.
7. Trim away the tag ends.
The Double Uni-Knot
The Double Uni knot is a great knot to attach 2 lines together.  It has great application when attaching braid to mono backing on a spinning reel because the tag ends are parallel to the standing line and do not catch line like a knot with right angle tag ends
1. Place the 2 lines to be connected parallel to one another 
2. Begin with either line and form a circle with the line with both “legs” on the same side of the second line
3. Take the tag end and turn it through the circle and over the second standing line 5 times
4. Pull the tag end while holding the other end slowly making sure the barrels do not jump over one another
5. Pull the knot tight
6. Repeat the same process with the second line
7. Once the 2 uni knots are created, they should look like the photograph.  Do not trim the ends at this point
8. Pull the 2 standing lines until the uni knots butt up against one another as shown
9. Make sure to pull them tight and seat the knot before trimming the tag ends.
10. Trim the tag ends and go fishing
The X Knot
Shown to me on the set of Location X the knot will remain called the “X” knot until I can reveal who showed it to me.  Nevertheless, this is one of those things that I wish I could call my own, but I am not that creative.  I am not sure where he found it, but this is one of the simplest and most innovative knots I have ever seen for attaching class to shock.  This should get Worldwide acceptance like the Slim Beauty.
1. Start by tying what I refer to as a “rock climber’s figure 8” in the shock tippet.  (Note: this is a DIFFERENT figure 8 than either the Slim Beauty or the Steve Huff Double Figure 8). 
2. Tie a bimini in the class tippet, leaving the loop in tact.  Take the bimini loop and pass it through the hole where the tag end comes out.
3. Now, simply take the shock tippet and pass it through the class tippet.  Slowly snug the two lines together until it forms a “handshake” loop to loop connection. 
4. Finished knot
The best thing about this knot is the ability to untie it while on the water and put a fresh shock tippet on the leader.  This is revolutionary and a knot every tarpon fisherman should know.  I feel fortunate to have learned it myself.
Bimini Twist
Double over 3 feet of the class tippet.  While holding both strands, begin making twists with your wrist until you have created 20-30 twists.  Place the loop on a cup hook or other type of hook.  Take the tag end and place it in your mouthand move to a 90 degree position to the line.  Gently open the loop while tilting your head towards the loop.  As you release pressure on the tag end, the tag will begin to roll back over itself.  Allow it to fully roll back to the loop.  Make a half hitch over one of the “legs” of the loop.  Make a half hitch over both legs.  Make 4 half hitches over both legs followed by a 3 turn clinch knot.
To attach the fly, I like to use a loop knot to increase the action of the fly and allow it to sink a little faster. A loop knot with 100% strength is advantageous so that the guide can grab the shock tippet when a fish is close to the boat without loosing the fly. Getting the fly back from a tarpon is rewarding and a 100% knot at the fly allows the person landing the fish to have more control over the fish at the boat without breaking the shock tippet. Other loop knots have been tried with mixed success. The Duncan loop is a good loop knot but after a fish was caught, the knot cinches down. The Duncan Loop is also a 70% knot and often breaks while trying to control a big tarpon at the boat. The "non-slip mono loop" is a great knot for smaller diameter monofilament but it does not pull very straight. I finally settled on "Steve Huff's Double Figure 8 Loop Knot" that I saw in Trey Combs book, Blue Water Flyfishing. This knot tests 100% and pulls straight as an arrow.
Tom Pierce Knot
To tie the first tie a double overhand in the wire.  When slowly pulled tight, the double overhand knot will form a figure 8.  This 8 when turned on its side will look as if it could be a dish and could hold water.  This is the way you want the knot to be positioned to complete the knot.  Next, take the mono leader and thread it through the 8 so that it lays flat against the wire.  Now, pull the wire tight.  Finish the knot by tying a 6 turn improved clinch knot around the wire and pull the knot down so that it comes to rest on the double figure 8 in the wire.